Category: Knowledge

Betta Fish Types

Betta Fishes are one of the favorites of all the fishes out there in the industry. Fish lovers have always been crazy about these tiny little color fishes, who are also known as Siamese Fighting Fishes. Although, Betta fish is very common in European countries like Germany, Finland, few Asian countries, etc., the demand for the fish has simply grown in other parts of the world too.

Betta fish is usually bred in variety of types, with different colors, color patterns and tail forms and this experimentation has proven to be highly successful for Betta fish dealers. In fact, many of them still use their creative skills and try to develop the Royal Blue/Green Complex, the double tailed varieties, etc., And guess what? Most of the dealers use absolutely natural and healthy breeding techniques with varied Betta fish types.

 

 

Types of Betta Fishes

Betta Fishes are found in several different types depending upon their color, their tail shape, their behavior and a lot. Here are some of the most famous types of this fish:

Bubblenesters

Have you heard of the Bubblenester type? Well, it is one of the most critical types of Betta fish and the groups contain several different fishes. Bubblenesters are basically fishes that create nests causing floating masses of bubbles, and fishes that build these kinds of bubblenests are known as aphrophils.

Now, there are specific groups of bubblenesters (Betta fishes) and each group contains several different fishes based on the above mentioned factors. Some of the groups are listed below:

1. Betta Bellica
2. Betta Splendens
3. Betta Coccina

Each group is significant in its own ways; however, from my understanding, Betta Splendens are more common than the other two.

Moutherbrooders

Moutherbrooders are the Betta fishes that hold their baby fishes in their mouths and take care of them for a limited amount of time till they can manage themselves. You might find parenting phenomenon among few land habitats like wild cats, etc. This particular characteristic of moutherbrooders has made them so famous that almost everybody, especially children love to have them.
Moutherbrooders are basically divided into two types; namely:

Paternal Moutherbrooder

In parental moutherbrooder, the male usually first takes care of the eggs and even carries the baby Betta fishes in its mouth. Few other examples of moutherbrooder, apart from the Betta, are Ariospsis Felis, Arowana and few Cichlids including Tilapines.

Maternal Moutherbrooder

Unlike the paternal, in maternal moutherbrooder type, the female takes care of the baby fish. From studies, it was found that, there are more number of maternal moutherbroder than the paternal moutherbrooders. Apparently, these are found mainly in African and South American Cichlids and it is rarely seen among Betta.
Moutherbrooder Betta fishes are again classified into several groups; here are some of them:

• Picta
• Pugnax
• Waseri
• Akarensis
• Foerschi
• Patoti-Unimaculata

If you’re a Betta fish fanatic, you would know that these groups have several different Betta fishes. And every fish is equally appealing to the eye and deserves to be in your aquarium.

Betta Fin Rot Causes

Betta fin rot causes can be traced to any one of a range of bacteria or fungus. And where do those come from? Dirty Water!

Clean water is the single most important factor in keeping your betta fish healthy.

Interestingly, many diseases in both humans and animals can be linked back to poor hygiene. Cleanliness and fresh food is often more important than any medicine!

When the cause of fin rot is a fungus, it produces a whiteness on your Betta’s fins and rots the tail in a more even pattern.

A bacterial infection causes the tail to rot in a more ragged manner.

Fin rot is most prevalent among fish kept in unfiltered tanks or bowls. The reason is that your pet is being forced to swim in water that is contaminated by its own feces which is essentially ammonia.

This disease rarely infects healthy fish living in good conditions, but weak immune system and poorly kept aquariums are not the only causes of tail and fin root.

It can for instance be caused by injuries and other fish nipping the fins or just generally bullying them;
all this weakens the fish, puts it under stress and leaves it much more susceptible to tail and fin rot. This means that it isn’t very hard to prevent or at least minimize the risk of tail or fin rot in your aquarium.

All you have to do is to keep the aquarium clean, the fish healthy and well fed, and only combine fish that get along well. It is important to determine the cause of the disease when treating it and rectify the problem. Otherwise the disease might return within a short time.

Here are the main causes of betta fin rot:elevated nitrate and/or nitrite levels (The ammonia and nitrite levels should be at 0 ppm [parts per million] and nitrate should be under 20 ppm, maximum.)fluctuating water temperaturesfluctuating water pH levelsfin-nipping by tankmatesinjury of a fin in a water that isn’t clean enough to avoid infection of the injured fin

Poor diet exposure to toxins. Keeping your betta too cold and/or overfeeding your fish (extra food causes growth of bacteria that commonly causes fin rot).

Fin rot often only manifests itself in one or two fish at once and it is not particularly contagious, adding more weight to the theory that a weakened immune system is required for the disease to take hold.